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NMFC LTL Freight Codes Defined & Why Important Blog Feature
Rick LaGore

By: Rick LaGore on July 11th, 2019

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NMFC LTL Freight Codes Defined & Why Important

LTL | Freight Broker

What Are LTL NMFC Codes

ltl nmfc codes The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) created the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) tariff to classify all commodities into 18 different freight classes between 50 and 500. 

The NMFC freight classification was established to set a standard when setting less-than-truckload (LTL) shipping rates for all commodities moving interstate, intrastate and foreign commerce.

NMFC Freight Classifications Based on Four Characteristics: 

The NMFC is based on the below commodity characteristics to establish a commodity’s “transportability”.  The basis of the four characteristics is to provide shippers and freight providers, whether asset or non-asset, a means to negotiate the rates and level of liability the motor carrier will accept.

  • Density 

    • Weight per cubic foot of each piece of freight.
  • Freight Stowability

    • Product’s ease of loading and ability to fit well with other products in the trailer.
  • Ease of Handling

    • Addresses special handling requirements because product is fragile, hazardous or have other properties that could affect product in a negative manager.
  • Liability

    • Covers value of the product, possibility of theft or damage to other product loaded in the trailer.

Class                 Examples                                                                                                                     Weight Per Cubic Foot

Class 50          Fits on standard shrink-wrapped 4X4 pallet, very durable                        over 50 lbs

Class 55          Bricks, cement, mortar, hardwood flooring                                                     35-50 pounds

Class 60         Car accessories & car parts                                                                                        30-35 pounds

Class 65          Bottled beverages, books in boxes                                                                      22.5-30 pounds

Class 70          Food items, automobile engines                                                                         15 to 22.5 pounds

Class 77.5      Tires, bathroom fixtures                                                                                         13.5 to 15 pounds

Class 85          Crated machinery, cast iron stoves                                                                    12-13.5 pounds

Class 92.5      Computers, monitors, refrigerators                                                                  10.5-12 pounds

Class 100       Boat covers, car covers, canvas, wine cases, caskets                                 9-10.5 pounds 

Class 110       Cabinets, framed artwork, table saw                                                                    8-9 pounds

Class 125       Small Household appliances                                                                                      7-8 pounds

Class 150      Auto sheet metal parts, bookcases                                                                         6-7 pounds

Class 175      Clothing, couches stuffed furniture                                                                       5-6 pounds

Class 200      Auto sheet metal parts, aircraft parts, packaged mattresses                 4-5 pounds

Class 250      Bamboo furniture, mattress and box spring, plasma TV                            3-4 pounds

Class 300      Wood cabinets, tables, chairs, model boats                                                       2-3 pounds

Class 400      Deer antlers                                                                                                                          1-2 pounds

Class 500      Low Density or High Value bags of gold dust, ping pong balls               Less than 1 lbs.

 

LTL freight NMFC codesThe NMFC link provided here is the full document outlining in details on the classification of freight.

It is critical for shippers to properly classify freight from the start. If an LTL shipment is incorrectly classified, the LTL motor carrier will and disputing the class is difficult and time-consuming.

Also, it is important for shippers to know that the NMFC classification establishes the liability coverage the LTL motor carrier is providing for the freight they move for them, which is a surprise to many when they find the freight cargo coverage is based on a price per pound versus the actual value of the shipment.

Quite often LTL motor carriers will negotiate one FAK (freight-all-kinds) rate for shippers that have commodities that run across several  commodity NMFC codes to simplify invoicing, but again shippers need to pay attention to the cargo liability coverage.

Additional Articles of Interest: 

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About Rick LaGore

Rick is the co-founder and CEO of InTek Freight & Logistics, a company focused on being the place where companies come when faced with a logistics problem.

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