<img alt="" src="https://secure.perk0mean.com/182585.png" style="display:none;">
Request a Quote



Trucking Terms: Bobtail and Power Only

March 2, 2023 Kevin Baxter

Bobtail Yellow

Trucking terms vary from straight-forward descriptive words and phrases - like a load board being a board where loads are listed - to terms that require more explanation. A couple of those perhaps less clear trucking terms are bobtail and power only, describing different, but somewhat related, trucking scenarios. Read on for more specifics on bobtail (or bobtailing) and power -only trucking. 

What is a bobtail in trucking?

A bobtail - or bobtailing - refers to a non-revenue trucking movement where a truck travels with no trailer or container kurilian-bobtail-gb97c61d3e_1920 (1)attached. Simplifying this even more, a bobtail is a semi-truck without any attachments - the tractor in the tractor-trailer combo. While there doesn't appear to be a firm date when the term's use began, it's generally agreed that the bobtail designation owes its origins to the look of a trailer-less semi-truck, which some compare to a bobtail cat - a type of cat breed with a shorter tail. Also fitting the comparison are the horses who pull sleighs as referenced in "Jingle Bells" whose tails are cut to prevent tangling - "bells on bobtails ring." Interestingly, there are two additional variations of truck that also get described as a bobtail:

  • A propane truck with an approximately 5,000 gallon tank
  • A small or medium-sized truck with every axle attached to the same chassis

Going back to the main definition of bobtailing, it - much like deadheading - is not something truckers prefer, as it means they're essentially driving for free, which really means they're losing money. Why does bobtailing occur then? Because they don't have a load for a return trip (backhaul) or because they need to get to a pickup location (perhaps for a power-only load - see below) and have no load to carry there.

Is bobtailing dangerous?

Bobtailing or bobtail trucking is considered more dangerous than trucking carrying a full load. While it may seem counterintuitive to the layperson since there's a smaller footprint, a semi-truck is designed to carry heavy cargo. So without that weight on the rear, their braking distance is longer and weight is instead concentrated more on the front of the truck. Because of that weight imbalance, it's also considered more likely that bobtail trucks will skid out on curves or with a sudden swerve. So beyond the fact that there is no revenue in bobtailing, it's also a more difficult drive for the trucker and a more dangerous one for fellow drivers - presenting safety challenges different, but just as serious as driving with an empty trailer in a deadhead scenario.

What is Power-Only trucking?

Power-only trucking refers to a scenario in which a carrier provides a driver and a semi-truck tractor, but not the trailer, to a third party logistics provider (3PL) - or possibly a shipper. The driver and truck tractor are sometimes known as the power unit in this context. Power-only trucking relates to bobtailing, in that the carrier provides a bobtail (and driver), with the other party making the load whole with a trailer. In this case, the 3PL books the power unit to allow maximum flexibility to use a shipper's own trailer or a trailer they've leased separately rather than having to use a trucking carrier's equipment. The driver in a power-only scenario takes his or her truck to the load's origin and hooks up and hauls the fully loaded, leased (or shipper-owned) trailer. Typically, that driver is someone who the shipper, 3PL or both are familiar with, and someone who they are confident will do well with their particular cargo.

What are the advantages of Power-Only trucking?

For some shippers, power-only trucking offers considerable advantages, but many of those advantages are best explored through a 3PL who can most effectively tap into and manage power-only capacity. A few of those advantages include:

  • The flexibility to source a power-only solution whenever needed, which also means avoiding paying for or having more capacity than necessary
  • Control over packing and part of the equipment (the trailer)
  • Reliability, particularly when using an experienced driver
  • Greater efficiency for both the driver - having a pre-loaded trailer ready for pickup - and the shipper, as pre-loading the trailer at the shipper's convenience avoids any lengthy wait related to loading an empty trailer when a driver arrives
  • Saves shippers money over purchasing and maintaining a fleet of trucks, instead allowing them to purchase or lease trailers, also often saving on freight rates due to greater scheduling certainty for carriers

One of the greatest keys to using power-only trucking effectively is for a company to have a clear plan for return or cyclical shipments - i.e. a linear or circular supply chain. Otherwise, all the convenience and cost savings noted in the above advantages is largely offset when empty trailers must be returned to their origin, also making carriers less likely to jump at these loads. 

Interested in exploring power-only trucking options and helping avoid bobtailing? Drop us a line and we'll follow up to discuss your company's unique shipping and logistics needs. For more information about us, or logistics and supply chain issues in general, check out our Freight Guides.

Talk To Us We're Here to Help

Share This: