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Definition of Less-than-Truckload (LTL) Freight

June 9, 2019 Anna Young

freight truckload

Definition of Less-than-Truckload (LTL)

LTL is used when a shipper has more than a parcel shipment, but less than a full truckload.

The threshold for an LTL shipment is considered anything over 150 pounds.

To paint a picture of LTL operations, motor freight carriers consolidate several LTL shipments from various shippers into one truckload and move it through their hub-and-spoke network to pick-up the freight at origin and deliver it to its final destination.

In some cases, shippers operate a sophisticated transportation management system to consolidate their own LTL shipments into a single truckload to generate savings versus utilizing an LTL provider for each shipment.  Such a program is called LTL consolidation.

Top LTL providers include companies like: FedEx Freight, YRC Freight, XPO, Old Dominion and Estes.

Other articles of interest associated with LTL and LTL brokerage:


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